National authorities are in charge of issuing the EU certificate. It could, for example, be issued by test centres or health authorities, or directly via an eHealth portal.
Vaccination certificates are issued by the Member State where the vaccination has been administered.
Test certificatesare issued by the Member State where the test has taken place.
Recovery certificatesare issued by the Member State where the recovered person is located.
Information on how to get the certificate should be provided by the national health authorities.
Travellers from green and orange countries can enter the Balkans countries from the EU without further restrictions if their ‘EU Digital COVID Certificate’ (EUDCC) contains one of the following:
1. Proof of full vaccination, valid from 14 days after the second dose, or from 14 days after the first dose if the vaccine is administered in a single dose (Janssen/Johnson&Johnson);
2. Proof of recovery from COVID-19. Validity: between 11 and 180 days after the positive result to a COVID-19 test).
3. Negative result to a COVID-19 test.
Both molecular (PCR) and Rapid Antigen tests (RAT) are accepted.
Validity: 72 hours prior to arrival for PCR tests, 48 hours prior to arrival for antigen tests.
Travellers are strongly advised to check local media, where advance notification of protests is given, to ensure that they avoid protests. Follow the advice of local authorities if you end up in the vicinity of one of the demonstrations. Otherwise, normal travel precautions apply.
Anybody aged six and above travelling to Albania must demonstrate one of the following:
proof of COVID-19 vaccination. The second/final dose of vaccine must have been administered at least 14 days before arrival.
negative PCR COVID-19 test performed up to 72 hours ahead of arrival
rapid Antigen (COVID-19) test performed no more than 48 hours ahead of arrival
evidence proving that you have recovered from COVID-19 within the last six months
These requirements also apply to those travellers who transit through Albania. Those who cannot provide such evidence may not be granted entry to Albania. For more detailed information,check the information provided by theAlbanian Ministry for Europe and Foreign Affairs.
If you are in Albania, you should monitor developments regularly and follow the advice of local authorities. Links to the relevant websites are:
Some measures to contain COVID 19 remain in effect in Albania. Facemasks must be worn while indoors and there is a night time curfew in effect from 12am (midnight) until 6am. It is recommended that you follow the advice of local authorities at all times to avoid paying fines.
It is no longer necessary to undergo quarantine on arrival in Albania from abroad, and restrictions on travel within the country no longer apply. Albania has opened land borders with neighbouring countries, and commercial flights are in operation to Tirana Airport. You can read more about the EU Travel Restrictions here.
Upon entering the territory of the Republic of Armenia travellers will be asked to provide either:
A COVID-19 PCR test certificate* with a negative result taken within the previous 72 hours; or
A certification* of complete vaccination against COVID-19 with 2 dosages and the second dosage taken at least 14 days before entering the country.
Please also note that:
For foreigners, the entry to the Republic of Armenia continues to remain open both via air and land borders.
If the travellers have been registered in the AR-MED electronic system, the vaccination certificate can be provided via ArmedeHealth mobile application. The traveller can present the vaccination certificate via mobile application or present the printed version of the certificate from the application protected with a QR code.
Non-holders of the relevant certificate are subject to PCR sampling at the airport or border checkpoint sampling points and to compulsory isolation until the negative result will be obtained. The person will be hospitalized if corresponding symptoms are detected as a result of the examination. In case of rejection of sampling or examination, all non-holders of the relevant certificate are being isolated for 14 days. The PCR test-related expenses should be covered by the traveller.
* – The certificate should be in Armenian, Russian or English printed on the official letterhead and should contain the following information:
all contacts and the name of the head of the medical institution where the test/vaccination was taken,
the name, surname, date of birth, and passport number of the examined/vaccinated person,
the result of the test, the vaccine manufacturing name and the product’s serial number, the dates of the first and the second dosages, signed by the head of the medical institution with its seal․
In order to enter Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), individuals who are not citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina must on arrival at a border crossing point present either:
A certificate showing that they have received the second dose of a Covid-19 vaccine more than 14 days before arrival (or the sole dose in the case of a single dose vaccine);
Proof of the negative result of a PCR test or negative rapid antigen test for the SARS-COV-2 virus that on arrival is not older than 48 hours (if arriving from a country in Europe) or 72 hours (if arriving from a country outside Europe), or;
A certificate issued by doctor showing recovery from COVID-19 in the period from 14 to 180 days before arrival.
Current information on requirements for entry to Bosnia and Herzegovina, including information on exceptions to entry requirements, can be found on the website of the BiH Border Police at the following link: Bosnia and Herzegovina Border Police
PCR tests are available across Bosnia and Herzegovina at the local Public Health Centre (Dom Zdravlja) or through private clinics.
The effects of the COVID-19 pandemic continue to be felt across Bosnia and Herzegovina, and restrictive measures have been put in place in respect of public gatherings and hospitality services.
If you are in Bosnia and Herzegovina, you should monitor developments regularly and follow the advice of local authorities, as regulations can change at short notice.
If you are fully vaccinated and travelling by air, you may enter Georgia by presenting a vaccination certificate confirming the full vaccination course (two doses, or one dose in the case of Johnson&Johnson) at border checkpoints.
While crossing the land and sea border of Georgia, passengers must present the document confirming the full course (two doses, one dose in case of Johnson&Johnson) of any COVID-19 vaccination at the border checkpoints of Georgia, as well as the negative PCR test taken in the last 72 hours prior to the visit to Georgia.
The only exceptions are passengers coming from the Republic of India (regardless of citizenship and full course of vaccination) as well as persons having a history of travel to the Republic of India for the last 14 days. In such instances, passengers are subject to a negative PCR Test conducted 72 hours before travelling to Georgia, and must complete the 14-day mandatory quarantine.
If you are not fully vaccinated, the Georgian border has recently opened to citizens from several countries, including European Union Member States (a full list can be foundhere). However, all passengers wishing to enter Georgia must:
Travel by air directly from one of the listed countries, including transit travel through third countries;
Upon arrival at the border, travellers must present a negative PCR Test result conducted 72 hours prior to their arrival;
On the 3rd day of their stay, they are obliged to undergo a second PCR-test at their own expense; and,
All those intending to travel must complete a passenger registration form before travelling, which you can find here.
As mentioned above, any passengers travelling from the Republic of India within the last 14 days will be subject to a negative PCR test, and must undergo the mandatory 14-day.
The government is considering tightening local restrictions in regions following a spike in the number of COVID-19 cases. Additional restrictions are under consideration throughout Georgia, and you are advised to follow the local Georgian media sources for the most up-to-date information.
One can enter Moldova with no restrictions if:
You hold a vaccination certificate that proves you are fully vaccinated against COVID-19 and at least 14 days have elapsed since you completed the vaccination programme.
You present proof of a negative PCR test result from a test taken no more than 72 hours before arrival in the country or a negative Quick Antigen test result for SARS-CoV-2 virus from a test taken no more than 48 hours before entering Moldova using public transport, or just before entering Moldova when travelling with personal transport means. The proof needs to be presented in any of the following languages: Romanian, English, French, German, Italian or Russian.
You present medical proof of a positive test result for COVID-19. At least 14 days must have elapsed since the positive test result, but no more than 180 days (6 months). The proof needs to be presented in any of the following languages: Romanian, English, French, German, Italian or Russian.
You present proof that certifies the presence of COVID-19 Antibodies in your body. The proof is valid 90 days after the test was made. The proof needs to be presented in any of the following languages: Romanian, English, French, German, Italian or Russian.
Passengers who do not meet the above criteria must self-isolate for 14 days. It is mandatory to fill this formhereand sign a declaration confirming you will respect the self-isolation rules. For children under 14 years of age the above documents must be filled and signed by a parent or an attendant. Passengers can exit self-isolation after 7 days if they present a negative result of a PCR test or a document confirming a negative result of a Quick Antigen SARS-CoV-2 test.
This will not apply for the following categories of passengers, as long as they do not have fever or other signs of a respiratory infection:
Children aged 12 and under;
Pupils/students under 18 years of age, that have to participate in exams, are studying in Moldova or elsewhere across the world or have to participate in international contests, and can prove that, as well as the ones who travel with them;
Aircraft/ship crew members, railroad workers, freight vehicles drivers or drivers of transport means which have more than 9 seats, including the driver’s seat. This exception will be valid until 30 September 2021;
Passengers travelling for medical reasons and the ones who accompany them if it is the case (with supporting documents that prove the reason for travelling);
Cross-border workers who enter Moldova from Romania or Ukraine as well as the ones from Moldova, employees of economic agents in the mentioned countries above who can prove the existence of a contract agreement with those economic agents. This exception will be valid until 30 September 2021;
Passengers holders of diplomatic passports, work /official/special passports, holders of travelling documents Laissez-Passer type issued by the United Nations Organization, including family members of passengers who work in Diplomatic Missions and international organizations/Missions accredited in Moldova and/or people involved in offering humanitarian help;
Passengers transiting Moldova (the transit time must last less than 24 hours), the transit route being established by the General Inspectorate of the Border Police;
Persons summoned by the Moldavian courts, as well as their legal representatives, with proving documents.
Entry into Montenegro is allowed only if persons (citizens of Montenegro and foreigners) meet one of the following requirements:
Certificate of vaccination provided that at least 14 days have passed from the time they received the second dose, i.e. 14 days from the time they received single-dose vaccine;
Negative PCR test on SARS-Cov-2 not older than 72 hours or positive PCR test older than 14 days, and not older than 180 days;
Negative antigen rapid test-BAT not older than 48 hours.
Foreign citizens who have permanent or temporary residence in Montenegro, who do not meet these requirements will be placed under isolation, which can be terminated after six days, with a negative PCR test.
These requirements do not apply to persons under the age of 18 (both Montenegrin citizens and foreigners).
The Montenegrin Government continues to take certain measures aimed at controlling the spread of COVID-19. Restrictions on travel could be re-introduced if the National Coordination Body deem it necessary. If you are in Montenegro, you should monitor developments regularly and follow the advice of local authorities.
All persons aged 18 and over arriving into the Republic of North Macedonia must present one of the following at the border:
Proof of vaccination against COVID-19
A certificate of recovery from COVID-19 in the past 45 days, counting from the day of recovery
Proof of a negative test result for COVID-19 from a RT-PCR test taken no more than 72 hours before arrival
Proof of a negative test result for COVID-19 from an antigen test taken no more than 48 hours before arrival
If you are transiting through the Republic of North Macedonia within 5 hours of arrival, you will not be required to present any of the above proofs. You will be required to produce a signed statement at the border.
Fully vaccinated and recovered patients are exempt if they can provide either:
Vaccination certificate showing the last dose was given at least 14 days before arrival
Medical certificate showing recovery in the last 6 months
Passengers, excluding nationals from the UK, Egypt, Singapore and Iran, are subject to PCR testing on the basis of sampling at arrival. These passengers will be able to continue their journey after the test samples are taken. However, if the test results are positive, they will be treated in accordance with the COVID-19 guidelines of the Ministry of Health.
The COVID-19 test requirement has been extended until December 30th, 2021.
All foreign citizens, holders of a temporary residence permit, as well as stateless persons need to have one of the following documents:
a document confirming the receipt of a full course of vaccination with vaccines that are included by WHO in the list of approved for use in emergency situations; or
foreign COVID certificate confirming vaccination against COVID-19 with 1, 2 or more doses vaccines that are included in the WHO list of approved for emergency use, negative test result for COVID-19 by PCR or recovery of a person from COVID-19; or
a negative PCR test result or rapid test for the SARS-CoV-2 antigen (RAT, Ag) that was done no more than 72 hours before entry; or
Tests for entry into Ukraine are not required for vaccinated persons and children under 12 .
Foreign tourists over 18 years old who have not been vaccinated against coronavirus and cross the state border to enter must install the Vdoma mobile app, which monitors self-isolation, regardless of the length of stay on the territory of Ukraine.
Self-isolation is not required if you undergo PCR testing or a rapid antigen test within 72 hours of entry and get a negative result.
From September 20, 2021, foreigners and stateless persons who enter Ukraine for the purpose of transit and have documents confirming their departure from the country within 48 hours are exempt from self-isolation and, accordingly, installing the Vdoma application and undergoing testing in Ukraine.